What is a Pastel Painting?


And how is it different from an oil or watercolour?


Pastels

Pastel portrait of a tabby cat

"Henry" (2018, pastels)


Pastel is a painting in chalk with a soft and detailed finish. The technique allows for a sense of movement and animation. 19th Century artist Edgar Degas and impressionist Mary Cassatt produced some of the finest pastel paintings.


I use a combination of Rowney soft pastels, which have bright colours and can be readily smudged and blended for background work, and Stabilo pastel pencils, for the finer detail, working on Canson fine art paper. Pastels will last well when framed behind glass in a mount.



Oils

Dwell Oil Painting By Julie Palmer

"Dwell" (2017, oil on canvas)



Oils are oil based and therefore slow drying. They have a feeling of tradition and permanence. Oil paintings are built up from a series of "layers", which need to be allowed to dry before a new layer can be applied. I don't undertake portraits in oil. However, I have including one of my semi-abstract works in oils here - this will hopefully give you an idea of this medium. The work is entitled "Dwell" and was undertaken for an album cover in 2017 for Prayerscapes.



Watercolours

Watercolour by Turner - Tintern Abbey

"Tintern Abbey: The Crossing and Chancel, Looking towards the East Window."
J.M.W Turner (1794, graphite and watercolour on paper. Photo in the Public Domain.)


Watercolours are paints in water soluble pigments, usually applied to paper. The rapid drying times involved allow for a spontaneous feel and the capturing of fleeting moments. Famous artists who used watercolours are J.M.W. Turner and Albrecht Dürer.